An adolescent self-report The Dominic Adolescent was developed in 2001-2002 as a user-and adolescent-friendly self-report measure to conveniently and quickly garner DSM-IV-TR diagnostic-approximates about frequent mental health problems.
It screens for:
Results are immediately available.
The Dominic Adolescent is self-administered, computerized and multimedia. Because they are used to the combination of pictures, text, voiceover and computer interaction, adolescents do not feel threatened by the instrument and easily understand the symptoms displayed.
The 85-item Dominic Adolescent is based on the DSM-IV-TR and also includes a Strength and Competencies scale.
Why use the Dominic Adolescent? It brings in the adolescent’s point of view Adolescence is a crucial period involving significant biological, psychological and social changes that may increase the vulnerability of youths to psychopathology.
Separation Anxiety, Specific Phobias, ADHD and Opposition tend to become less prevalent, while there is an increase in Generalized Anxiety, Depression and Conduct Disorder. Substance Use also develops (mostly alcohol and marijuana).
Based on the youths’ self-reports:
Internalizing disorders are more common among girls.
Externalizing disorders and substance use are more common among boys.
Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts increase systematically from age 12, especially among girls.
Based on their reports, parents miss these differences, making a systematic examination of adolescents’ point of view mandatory.
Suicide is the third most frequent cause of adolescent death in the US, and the second one among Quebec’s 15 to 19 year-olds. A history of mental disorders is found in 90% of the youths who succeed in committing suicide. Adults nonetheless fail to notice internalizing disorders.
It takes into account developmental differences The formal operational stage begins around age 12, but due to biological, social and cultural factors, there are significant intra- and inter-individual differences between youths regarding the development of the higher level of abstract thinking.
The Dominic Adolescent takes into account these cognitive developmental differences, therefore yielding consistent results across the age group.
Combining auditory and visual symptom items generates better understanding and better information processing than a pictorial or verbal only stimulus.
The Dominic Adolescent can be administered in as little as 15 minutes on average, respecting the adolescent’s short attention span.
The instrument is not dependent on the youth’s vocabulary.
Due to possibly limited comprehension of abstract concepts, queries about frequency, duration or age of onset of symptoms pertaining to the DSM-IV-TR were not included.
It uses a common language Because the DSM-IV-TR represents the existing consensus among mental health professionals, the Dominic Adolescent is DSM-IV-TR-based. Although this classification defines neither the outer limits of diagnostic entities nor their causes, it serves as a common language.
The Dominic Adolescent requires a PC computer.
The Dominic Adolescent package includes a CD-ROM containing the program and administration licenses (applications or interviews).
The Dominic Adolescent installs itself on the hard drive (314 Mo). It may be copied on as many computers as needed.
An icon appears on the desktop. To start the Dominic Adolescent, click the icon.
The program works together with administration licenses. Licenses can be downloaded from the USB key (like a phone card, it holds the purchased number of applications), or from the Internet (see To Order).
Results are recorded on the hard drive under the user’s name to protect confidentiality.
For more information, click the Help Slide Show button in the software Main Menu.
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